Butterflies to be found around Torphins Wood, Aberdeenshire, Scotland

Inachis io, the peacock

Inachis io, peacock butterfly adult, top and underside of wings visible

Inachis io larva, Peackock butterfly caterpillar

Eggs and caterpillars are found on nettles from May onwards. Adults are seen on flowers in gardens, grassland and woodland edges from mid June onwards until the end of summer, then they hibernate, and emerge the following spring to mate.

Caterpillars can reach 4.2 cm long, adult wingspan is up to 6.0 cm.

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Painted lady, Cosmopolite, Cynthia cardui

Painted lady, Cynthia cardui, adult

Caterpillars feed on mallows, thistles, and nettles in a shelter of leaves during the summer, and reach 28 mm long.

Pupation takes place inside the leaf shelter.

Adults emerge mid to late summer, but cannot survive the British winter.

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Lycaena phlaeas, the Small copper

Small copper, adult

Common in open country.

The adult males and females look similar, though there is a wide colour variation in this species.

The eggs are yellowish, and laid singly on the underside of sorrel and dock on which the caterpillar feeds.

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Aglais urticae, the small tortoiseshell

Small tortoiseshell butterfly, adult, Aglais urticae adult

The adults are fairly common from March - May and July - October

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Red admiral, Vanessa atalanta

Red admiral Vanessa atalanta

Red admiral Vanessa atalanta

Caterpillars on stinging nettle inside leafy tent from June - July or August.

Pupa inside leaf shelter July and August.

Adults August until autumn.

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