Grasshoppers

Common green grasshopper, Omocestus viridulus

Common green grasshopper, Omocestus viridulus

Common green grasshopper, Omocestus viridulus, above is found throughout the U. K. and Ireland. It favours damp grassland, meadows and hillsides. This is the only grasshopper found in the higher moorland areas of the U. K. The cream-coloured lines on the shoulder curve gently inwards, and are used to identify this species from other, similar species. The green colouration can vary quite a lot, but the cream markings do not. It has long wings and when fully grown reaches a length of 1.5 - 2.5 cm. The female's wings are as long as her body, see above, and the male usually has wings a little longer. It eats grasses. Adults are seen from July to November.

The egg pod or case, below, is laid in grass. The young hatch out the following spring, and nymphs can be seen from late April.

Common green grasshopper, Omocestus viridulus, egg pod

Tropodacris dux, the Giant grasshopper

Tropodacris dux, the Giant grasshopper

The Giant grasshopper, above, is found in Central and South America. Its wingspan can reach 26 cm., and in flight it is sometimes mistaken for a bird. The bright orange underwings can be flashed to startle predators and allow the insect a chance to escape.

Sanaa imperialis, the Emperor grasshopper

Sanaa imperialis, the Emperor grasshopper

Tropical grasshopper Titanacris sp.

Tropical grasshopper in the Titanacris genus

Above is a beautiful tropical grasshopper in the Titanacris genus.

Differences between grasshoppers and crickets

Feature Grasshoppers Crickets
Antennae Short, relatively thick Long and thin
Hearing Organs located each side of abdomen near where it joins the thorax On the hindmost leg

Below is a grasshopper head giving the names of the mouthparts etc.

grasshopper head diagram