Related pages N. American cuckoo bumblebees - Is it a bumblebee? - Looks like a bumblebee - Other bees1, 2
There are 46 species of bumblebee in north America. The body lengths are in millimetres and do not include the antennae. The tongue lengths are given when known as this will help in ID as a short tongued bee cannot reach the nectar of a long corolla flower unless it is nectar robbing, and a long tongued bee can forage from any flower, but will usually show a preference for complicated or long corolla flowers. For more on this see the tongue page. And the behaviour page.
Range: New Jersey down to Florida, North and South Dakota, Nebraska, Colorado and New Mexico. Found in grasslands and gardens. Nests underground.
Sadly this bumblebee is now listed as endangered.
Body length in mm, queen 25 - 27, worker 15 - 19, male 22 - 25. Hair short and velvety.
Range: California and Mexico, it is usually found in open grassland and scrub.
This species has a short tongue. its hair is short and even, and it nests underground. Body lengths in millimetres, queen 22 - 25, worker 12 - 20, male 14 - 19.
Bombus nevadaensis auricomus
Note: sometimes just called Bombus auricomus.
Range: Ontario to Florida, west to Texas, Oklahoma, West Virginia, Colorado, Wyoming, Montana, Saskatchewan, Alberta, British Columbia. Found in open forests and fields.
Long tongued species, hair is short and even. Body lengths in mm, queen 22 - 26, worker 16 - 19, male 13 - 21. Nests are small and on the surface.
Bombus nevadensis nevadensis
Range: Alaska to California, Arizona, New Mexico east to Wisconsin, Mexico. Found from sea level up to 2200 metres.
Long tongued species, hair is short and even. Body lengths in mm, queen 24 - 25, worker 15 - 21, male 16 - 19. Nests are underground and sometimes on the surface. Males will chase anything that moves when searching for mates.
Range: British Columbia to California, east to South Dakota, Nebraska, Colorado, New Mexico. Found on open, dry scrub.
Short-tongued, hair short and even. Body length in mm queen 22 -26, worker 12 - 22, male 15 - 20. Nests underground.
Bombus pennsylvanicus pennsylvanicus, Bombus pennsylvanicus sonorus
pennsylvanicus Range: Quebec, Ontario, Maryland south to Florida, west to Minnesota, S. Dakota, Nebraska, Colorado, New Mexico, Mexico
sonorus Range: Texas, west to California, Mexico
Found in open farmland and fields. Nests on the surface, but occasionally underground. Can be aggressive. Males gather around the nest entrance waiting for the new queens to emerge for mating.
B. sonorus is sometimes known as Bombus sonorus
Short-tongued, hair is short and even.. Body lengths in mm, queen 22- 26, worker 13 - 19, male 15 - 21.
Range: Quebec, Kentucky, Maryland, Pennsylvania, South Carolina, Virginia, West Virginia, south to Florida, west to British Columbia, Washington, Oregon, northern California. Found in open farmland, parks, gardens, wetlands.
Body length in millimetres, queen 18 - 23, worker 10 16, male 12 - 18. Hair is short and even. Short tongued. Nests underground or on the surface.
Range: Alaska to Maine, Maryland, New York, Pennsylvania, south to Wisconsin, Illinois, West Virginia, Florida, Alberta.
Body length, queen 18 - 20 mm, worker 11 - 14 mm, male 13 - 14 mm. Medium tongue length. Found in woods, woodland edges, parks, gardens, wetlands. Nests underground. Short colony life.
Range: Ontario, Maryland, New York, Pennsylvania, Maine, South Carolina, Virginia, West Virginia, south to Florida, west to Illinois, Kansas, Oklahoma, Mississippi, Kentucky.
Notes: A common species with a medium tongue length, long, uneven hair, nesting both below and above ground. Found in woods, parks and gardens. Body lengths, queen 18 - 22 mm, workers 10 - 16 mm, males 12 - 15 mm. .
Range: Ontario, Maine, Georgia, Kentucky, Maryland, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, South Carolina, Virginia, West Virginia, south to Florida, west to Michigan, Illinois, Kansas, Missouri, Wyoming.
Range: Quebec, Ontario south to Georgia, west to South Dakota and North Dakota.
Note: Also known as the rusty-patched bumblebee. Once common, but its range has declined sharply since 1990, now found in only a few areas, and may soon be listed as endangered. Found close to woodlands, parks and gardens. Often has a bald patch between the wings in the middle of the thorax. Body lengths in mm, queen 19 - 23, worker 9 - 16, male 14 - 17. Hair longish and even. Short tongued. Nests underground. Nectar robber.
Bombus vagans vagans
Range: British Columbia east to Nova Scotia, Maryland, New York, Pennsylvania south to Georgia, West Virginia, Tennessee, South Dakota, Montana, Idaho, Washington. In forests, wetlands, parks and gardens.
Body lengths, queen 17 - 21mm, worker 11 - 14 mm, male 11 - 14 mm. Long tongued. Hair long. Nests usually, but not always, underground.
Range: Ontario to Newfoundland, south to Tennessee Virginia, West Virginia and North Carolina, in or near woodland. Nests underground. Medium length tongue, hair short and even. Body lengths, queen 15 - 17 mm, worker 10 - 14 mm, male 12 - 15.
Range: Alaska and Northwest territories, south to Colorado (high elevations only) in tundra, taiga and boreal forests. Nests above and below ground. Hair is long.Body lengths in mm, queen 17 -19, worker 8 - 11, male 10 - 15.
Bombus lucorum queen
Range: Alaska south to Southern British Columbia and Alberta, east through Yukon and North Western Territories.
Bombus terricola terricola
Range: Nova Scotia to Florida, West to British Columbia, Montana, South Dakota. Found in temperate and boreal forests, and slightly higher in the Appalachians, into the tundra and taiga of Canada and western U. S. Usually found close to woodland and wetland.
Note: Also known as the yellow-banded bumblebee. Once common, but its range has declined dramatically since 1990. Body length in mm, queen 19 - 21, worker 10 - 15, male 13 - 15. Hair is short and even. Short tongued. Is a nectar robber.
Bombus terricola occidentalis
Range: Alaska south to northern California, Nevada, Arizona, New Mexico, South Dakota. Found in open, grassy areas, parks, gardens, chaparral, mountain meadows and scrub.
Note: also known as Bombus occidentalis. Often forages from red flowers, and nectar robs hummingbird pollinated flowers. Populations have decreased since 1990. Body length in mm, queen 20 - 24, worker 9 - 15, male 12 - 16. Hair is short and even. Short tongued. Nests underground.
Range: Washington to southern California, in grassy prairies and meadows. Nests underground.
A medium to long-tongued species. Hair short, but shaggy and uneven. Body lengths, queens 14 - 18 mm, workers 10 - 14 mm, males 10 - 13 mm.
Range: British Columbia south to California, Nevada, Mexico. This bumblebee has a medium tongue length. Body lengths - queen 18 - 20 mm, worker 8 - 17 mm, male 10 - 15 mm.
Range: British Columbia, Alberta south to California, Arizona, New Mexico, Mexico